The Impact of Adenoid Hypertrophy on Pediatric Chronic Maxillary Sinusitis

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Damietta Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Egypt

2 Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Damietta Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Egypt

10.21608/ijma.2021.186021

Abstract

Background:The hypertrophied adenoids lay a role in rhinosinusitis, which is not fully unknown. The present view proposed that the hypertrophied adenoids perform as a bacterial pool and restricts the nasal mucociliary clearance. Obstructive adenoids may lead to stasis of nasal secretions with subsequent infection.
Aim of the Work:The current work aimed to assess the impact of adenoid enlargement on pediatric chronic maxillary sinusitis [PCMS].
Patients and Methods:This study included 60 Children. The size of adenoid was graded through endoscopic examination. The Clemens grading system was used. Paranasal sinuses were radiologically investigated by computerized axial tomography scan. The radiological and endoscopic data were correlated. Additionally, all adenoid samples were cultivated for bacteriological growth.
Result:The highest incidence of adenoid hypertrophy was seen in the age group 3-6 years old [60%], with similar male to female affection rate [1:1]. The positive computed tomography [CT] scan findings among children with hypertrophied adenoid were [55%]. The highest incidence of positive CT findings was found in grade-III adenoids, which is the highest grade of size [33.3%].  Adenoidectomy was performed for all patients and specimens were examined for bacteriological growth. 20% of adenoid tissue had multiple growth and 80.0% showed single organism. The frequency of isolated organism were H. Influenzae, S. Pneumoniae, S. Pyogenes, S. Aureus and Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus.
Conclusion: The endoscopically graded adenoid hypertrophy is significantly correlated to positive CT scan signs of rhinosinusitis in children. Isolation of bacteria from adenoid tissue supports the inflammatory mechanism of adenoid in pathogenesis of rhinosinutis in addition to its obstructive action. Early initiation of empirical antibiotic therapy is crucial and adenoidectomy provides a cure for adenoid hypertrophy and rhinosinusitis

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